Boraginaceae-Nemophila2018-05-06T12:09:14+00:00

   Boraginaceae: Borage Family — Baby Blue-eyes & Fiesta Flower

Baby Blue-eyes – Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii

Blooms:

Feb–June

Plant Height:

10–30 cm

Flower Size:

Medium

Origin:

Native

Habitat:

Grassland, woodland, chaparral

Notes:

A strikingly pretty flower, quite common in early spring and unmistakable. Flowers are pale to mid-blue with a white center. Black dots and dark blue veins may mark the petals. Pure white forms are occasionally found and there is a separate variety (var. atomaria) which is pure white with black dots from the center more or less to the petal margin. The photo on the right may represent this variety but may also simply be a white form of var. menziesii.

Small-flowered Nemophila – Nemophila parviflora var. parviflora

Blooms:

Mar–July

Plant Height:

Stems 1–6 dm

Flower Size:

Very small

Origin:

Native

Habitat:

Woodland

Notes:

The tiny flowers are no more than 5 mm across, pure white or pale blue but without any dark spots or streaks.  Styles and stamens are included.  Leaves are asymmetric and noticeably hairy, 1–4 cm long and generally 5-lobed.

Fiesta Flower – Pholistoma aurtium var. auritum

Blooms:

Mar–June

Plant Height:

20–120 cm

Flower Size:

Medium

Origin:

Native

Habitat:

Ocean bluffs, woodland, streambanks

Notes:

Very common in early spring in woodland.  It has a vine-like, sprawling growth habit with a profusion of bluish-purple (occasionally lighter-colored) flowers. Related to Baby Blue-eyes (Nemophila menziesii), it has the same reflexed appendages between the sepals.  These and the stems have small hooks which readily attach to clothing – hence its use as an inexpensive corsage.

White Fiesta Flower – Pholistoma membranaceum

Blooms:

Feb–May

Plant Height:

10–60 cm

Flower Size:

Small

Origin:

Native

Habitat:

Bluffs, wooded slopes

Notes:

Much less common than the purple-colored Fiesta Flower (Pholistoma auritum) but with a similar vine-like, sprawling growth habit. Its flowers are smaller (< 1 cm across) and pure white with a purple spot on each lobe. Often found in profusion.

Common Eucrypta – Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia varchrysanthemifolia

Blooms:

Mar–June

Plant Height:

20–50 cm

Flower Size:

Small

Origin:

Native

Habitat:

Roadsides, after fires and rocky places near coast

Notes:

An erect plant with a loose, sprawling growth habit.  Many small flowers, 4–8 mm across, generally 8–15 per branch.  Flowers are bell-shaped, whitish with blue-purple veins. Leaves are glandular and ciliate, 2–3-pinnately lobed.  Lower leaves are larger than the upper. Unlike the Nemophila and Pholistoma, there are no appendages between the calyx lobes.