Chenopodiaceae-Chenopodium2017-08-17T15:21:41+00:00

Chenopodiaceae: Goosefoot Family — Chenopodium

Lamb’s Quarters – Chenopodium album

Blooms:

June–Oct

Plant Height:

18–100 cm

Flower Size:

Small cluster

Origin:

Europe

Habitat:

Disturbed areas & fields

Notes:

At first sight this might be mistaken for a Mugwort (Artemisia douglasiana) or a dock, but the tight powdery clusters of flowers/fruits (typical of goosefoots) with tiny greenish-yellow flowers are distinctive.  Leaves are 25-–70 mm long, dull green above, lanceolate and slightly dentate. This species is notoriously variable in appearance.

California Goosefoot – Chenopodium californicum

Blooms:

Mar–Sept

Plant Height:

20–90 cm

Flower Size:

Small cluster

Origin:

Native

Habitat:

Dryish open sites, many communities

Notes:

Common and easily recognized by its large, coarsely toothed, nettle-like leaves and a long (up to 20 cm) flower spike. Spherical clusters of tiny flowers mature reddish fruits and finally black seeds.

Coast Goosefoot – Chenopodium macrospermum

Blooms:

July–Oct

Plant Height:

8–60 cm

Flower Size:

Small cluster

Origin:

South America

Habitat:

Moist places near coast

Notes:

Stout, reddish stems. branching from the base, the lower branches decumbent, the upper ones ascending.  Leaves are diamond-shaped to deltate with serrated margins, powdery below. Clusters of flowers in terminal or axillary spikes.

Nettle-leaved / Wall Goosefoot – Chenopodium murale

Blooms:

June–Oct

Plant Height:

15–50 cm

Flower Size:

Small cluster

Origin:

Europe

Habitat:

Disturbed areas & fields

Notes:

A smallish, spreading plant, branching from its base. Leaves are 8–40 mm, toothed, ovate to deltate, shiny and dark green above. Flowers and fruits and in small terminal or axillary clusters.

Narrow-leaved Goosefoot – Chenopodium pratericola

Blooms:

June–Sept

Plant Height:

16–65 cm

Flower Size:

Small cluster

Origin:

Native

Habitat:

Open, dry places

Notes:

Generally erect, either simple or branched. Leaves are 3–5 x as long as they are wide, elliptic to narrowly lanceolate, 1- or 3-veined, entire or 1–2-lobed at their base. Flowers and fruits and in small terminal or axillary clusters.