Asteraceae – Cudweeds 32017-08-16T12:54:46+00:00

   Asteraceae: Sunflower Family – Gnaphalieae (Cudweed) Tribe – 3

The Sunflower family is a very large family with over 25,000 members.  Botanists subdivide the family into a number of tribes of which 14 are represented in Monterey County, one of these, the Heliantheae or Sunflower tribe, being further broken down into subtribes of which 9 are represented in Monterey  County. Members of the Gnaphalieae or Cudweed Tribe lack ray flowers but have, generally, tight heads with inconspicuous disk flowers only. This page covers some of the species that fall outside the main group of cudweeds or everlastings.

Slender Cottonweed / Q-tips – Micropus californicus var. californicus

Blooms:

Mar–June

Plant Height:

1–50 cm

Flower Size:

Very small

Origin:

Native

Habitat:

Dry or moist, bare or grassy places

Notes:

Small, grayish-white cobwebby plant with a cluster of 4-6 tiny woolly flower heads towards the tip of the stems.  Can be found in great numbers.

Narrow-leaved Filago / Cottonrose – Logfia gallica

Blooms:

Mar–July

Plant Height:

< 50 cm

Flower Size:

Very small

Origin:

Europe

Habitat:

Burns & waste places

Notes:

An unprepossessing plant which is commonly found on trails but easily overlooked. It has a slender, much branched growth habit with tiny, woolly, disciform heads at the tips and in the axils of the stems, surrounded by awl-shaped leaves that are 2–5 x the size of the flask-shaped  heads.

California Filago / Cottonrose – Logfia filaginoides

Blooms:

Feb–June

Plant Height:

< 30 cm

Flower Size:

Very small

Origin:

Native

Habitat:

Dry, open places; burns

Notes:

Similar in general appearance and growth habit to the Narrow-leaved Cottonrose (Logfia gallica), but distinguished by its pear-shaped flower head and subtending leaves that do not surpass the heads and are usually oblanceolate in shape.

Slender Woolly-marbles – Psilocarphus tenellus

Blooms:

Mar–June

Stem length:

1–15 cm

Flower Size:

Small

Origin:

Native

Habitat:

Seasonally moist areas and dry vernal pools in hard-packed soil

Notes:

Unlike the similar Round Woolly-marbles (Psilocarphus chilensis), this has leaves that are somewhat slender and spreading below the woolly heads. The flower heads are no more than 5.5 mm across.   The stem is first erect and then prostrate.

Everlasting Neststraw – Stylocline gnaphaloides

Blooms:

Mar–May

Stem length:

1–15 cm

Flower Size:

Small

Origin:

Native

Habitat:

Sandy soil, often disturbed, or after fires

Notes:

At first sight, resembles Round Woolly-marbles but the growth habit and flower heads are somewhat different. Leaves or alternate or apparently whorled, not opposite. The plant is small and gray-hairy with more or less spherical flower heads with the phyllaries closely appressed. Heads are 3–6 mm across. Papery scales subtend the female flowers.