Boraginaceae: Borage Family – Fiddleneck
Most members of the Borage family have their flowers arranged in coiled (scorpiod) cymes. They bloom from the base upwards, gradually unfurling like a scorpion’s tail or caterpillar, as new flowers emerge. Fiddlenecks, shown here, are a classic illustration of this, the name deriving from the shape of the top of a violin or fiddle. They should not be confused with Fiddleheads, which are immature fern fronds. Fiddlenecks fall into two broad categories, those with 2–4 calyx lobes, unequal in width and those with 5 calyx lobes of equal width. Careful examination is usually needed to identify the different species, they are difficult if not impossible to identify from a distance.