Brassicaceae-Misc2017-08-17T14:25:35+00:00

Brassicaceae: Mustard Family — Miscellaneous

Dobiepod – Tropidocarpum gracile

Blooms:

Mar–May

Plant Height:

10–50 cm

Flower Size:

Small

Origin:

Native

Habitat:

Grassy slopes

Notes:

The only native among the plants on this page, this does not at first sight look like a member of the mustard family but its 4-petaled  and 6-stamened flowers and linear siliques show that it is.  The stem is decumbent to erect, spreading and branching with rough hairs.  Basal leaves are 10–15 cm long, divided into elongated lobes, upper leaves are shorter and less divided.

European Sea Rocket – Cakile maritima

Blooms:

May–Nov

Plant Height:

< 80 cm

Flower Size:

Medium

Origin:

Europe

Invasive?

Yes – Limited

Habitat:

Beaches

Notes:

A common sight on beaches along the entire Pacific coast; the plant is more or less prostrate with decumbent to erect stems and fleshy, pinnately-lobed leaves.  Pink to lavender flowers are in more or less terminal clusters.  The fruits  (“rockets”) are distinctive, dry and light with two conspicuous “horns” at the joint.  The fruits can survive for some days in the water as they find their way to another beach to colonize.

Wild Radish – Raphanus sativus

Blooms:

Mar–July

Plant Height:

40–130 cm

Flower Size:

Medium

Origin:

Europe

Invasive?

Yes – limited

Habitat:

Disturbed areas, fields

Notes:

Very common, this has flowers in a variety of colors, usually purple or pink but occasionally white or cream, mostly with fine veins. Hybrids with Jointed Charlock (Raphaus raphanistrum) are common and show great color variation.  Upper leaves are simple, pointed or toothed, lower leaves are petioled and sometimes large and coarse.  Maturing fruits have a distinctive long, conical tip. Fruits are edible with a mild radish flavor.

Stock – Matthiola incana

Blooms:

Mar–June

Plant Height:

25–60 cm

Flower Size:

Medium

Origin:

European

Habitat:

Bluffs and sandy places along shore

Notes:

Stock has conspicuous violet to purple (occasionally white) flowers, borne on leafy stems.  Biennial or perennial, it has tough, woody roots.  Leaves are gray, densely hairy, oblong to linear and often clustered in dense rosettes.  Fruits are long flattened cylindric siliques with noticeable constrictions between the individual seeds. A garden escape.

Sweet Alyssum – Lobularia maritima

Blooms:

Mar–Oct

Plant Height:

5–25 cm

Flower Size:

Small cluster

Origin:

Europe

Invasive?

Yes – limited

Habitat:

Disturbed areas, fields

Notes:

A common garden escape, this is immediately recognizable by its tight spherical clusters of diminutive white or pale purple flowers. Fragrant. Leaves are more or less linear. Fruits are round-elliptic and the flat seeds lens-shaped, opaque when mature.