Rosaceae-misc2017-08-09T10:46:01+00:00

Rosaceae: Rose Family — Miscellaneous

Lady’s Mantle – Aphanes occidentalis

Blooms:

Mar–May

Plant Height:

Stem 2–10 cm

Flower Size:

Very small

Origin:

Native

Habitat:

Open grassy or wooded places

Notes:

This is a very small, prostrate annual with distinctive fan-shaped leaves about 1 cm across and tiny greenish-yellow flowers. Not uncommon but easily overlooked.

California Acaena – Acaena pinnatifida var. californica

Blooms:

Mar–May

Plant Height:

10–60 cm

Flower Size:

Small cluster

Origin:

Native

Habitat:

Dry grassy slopes near coast

Notes:

A somewhat undistinguished plant, this has ascending to erect stems topped with a dense spike of flowers with 4 (occasionally 5) green sepals. There are no petals. The stamens (generally 4) are purple-black and well exserted beyond the sepals.  Most leaves are basal, in dense clumps. Individual leaves are 3–12 cm with 5–8 lance-linear leaflets per side.

Garden / Small Burnet – Poterium sanguisorba

Blooms:

Mar–June

Plant Height:

20–50 cm

Flower Size:

Small cluster

Origin:

Native

Habitat:

Open grassy or wooded places

Notes:

This is not unlike California Acaena (Acaena occidentalis) in its general appearance, with ascending to erect stems topped with a small, dense inflorescence. The inflorescence is more head- than spike-like and the flowers more variable. They may be either bisexual (with many thread-like stamens tipped with creamy-yellow anthers and a small, bushy red stigma at the base) or female only (with a larger, exserted, bushy red stigma). The leaves are pinnate, oval and much toothed. The leaves were once popular in salads and the plant was introduced into the USA by early English settlers.