Ruscaceae2017-08-17T18:46:26+00:00

Ruscaceae: Butcher’s-broom Family

Fat Solomon / Western False Solomon’s Seal – Maianthemum racemosum

Blooms:

Mar–July

Plant Height:

30–90 cm

Flower Size:

Medium cluster

Origin:

Native

Habitat:

Moist open woodland, streambanks

Notes:

A common plant and easily recognized by its dense terminal panicle, 5–12 cm long, of up to 20 pure white flowers.  Fruits are berries, starting green, then turning mottled and finally pure red. The leaves are distinctive, alternate, large (7–20 cm) and more or less ovate with acute to acuminate tips.

Slim Solomon / Nuttall’s False Solomon’s Seal – Maianthemum stellatum

Blooms:

Apr–June

Plant Height:

30–70 cm

Flower Size:

Small cluster

Origin:

Native

Habitat:

Moist open woodland, streambanks

Notes:

A common plant, sometimes found in large colonies, this is easily distinguished from Fat Solomon (Maianthemum racemosum) by its vey different flowers.  These are in a smaller raceme, 2–8 cm long, of 5–15 simple, star-like white flowers. Fruits are berries, initially green with three distinct dark vertical stripes, then turning red later in the summer. The leaves are similar to Fat Solomon though tending to be a little shorter (5–17 cm) and narrower, (ob)lanceolate to elliptic in shape with acuminate tips.

Notes: